- (1225–74)Theologian, Philosopher and Saint.Thomas was born of a noble family in Roccasecca, Italy. He was educated at the famous Benedictine monastery of Monte Cassino and in Naples. Despite family opposition, he joined the Dominican Order in 1244 and then settled in Paris. There he was introduced to the philosophy of Aristotle by Albertus Magnus. Although he spent some time in Cologne and taught in Italy from 1249 to 1259, most of the rest of his life was spent in Paris. He is regarded as the most outstanding and influential theologian of the Middle Ages and among his many works were commentaries on the books of Aristotle, boethius and Pseudodionysius. He produced his Summa Contra Gentiles as a text book for missionaries and his great Summa Theologica remains the fundamental text of Roman Catholic theology. Thomas was living at a time when the works of Aristotle were being rediscovered through the writings of the Arabic philosophers. He took the fundamental concepts of Aristotle and explained Christian doctrines in their light. Most famous are his ‘five ways’ to establish by natural reason the existence of God. At the same time he drew a distinction between the findings of reason and the knowledge that is only revealed by faith (such as the incarnation, the Trinity and the future resurrection), but he stressed that faith doctrines were in no way contrary to reason. Thomas was declared a Doctor of the Church in 1567 and, as late as 1923, the Vatican declared that the study of his work was mandatory for all students of philosophy and theology. Known as ‘Doctor Angelicus’, he is the patron saint of all Roman Catholic universities.B. Davies, An Introduction to the Thought of Thomas Aquinas (1992);E. Gilson, The Christian Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas (1957);J.P. Torrell, Saint Thomas Aquinas (1996).
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Thomas Aquinas — Aquinas redirects here. For other uses, see Aquinas (disambiguation). Thomas Aquinas Thomas Aquinas depicted in stained glass Born Thomas Aquinas 1225 Roccasecca, Kingdom of Sicily … Wikipedia
Thomas Aquinas — Brian Davies OP Thomas Aquinas, son of Landulf d’Aquino and his wife Theodora, was born sometime between 1224 and 1226 in what was then the Kingdom of Naples.1 After a childhood education at the Benedictine monastery of Monte Cassino, he studied… … History of philosophy
Thomas Aquinas — Thomas von Aquin (* um 1225 auf Schloss Roccasecca bei Aquino in Italien; † 7. März 1274 in Fossanova; auch Thomas Aquinas oder Tommaso d Aquino) gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Philosophen und Theologen der Geschichte. Er war Dominikaner.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Aquinas — see AQUINAS Saint Thomas … English World dictionary
THOMAS Aquinas — seu de Aquino, Neapolitanus, ex Aquino in Aprutio, genere illustri, natus quippe e Comitum Aquinatum prosapia, Volaterr. Dominicanus, Coloniae Parisiisque literis incubuit, hîcque Doctor creatus Theologiam diu docuit. Dictus Doctor Angelicus. et… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Thomas Aquinas — noun (Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology; presented philosophical proofs of the existence of God (1225 1274) • Syn:… … Useful english dictionary
Thomas Aquinas — Thomas d Aquin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Thomas, Aquin et Saint Thomas d Aquin. Thomas d Aquin Théologien et philosophe occidental Théologie et philosophie médiévale … Wikipédia en Français
Thomas Aquinas — /tom euhs/ Saint. See Aquinas, Saint Thomas. * * * … Universalium
Thomas Aquinas — Thom′as Aqui′nas n. big Saint Aquinas Saint Thomas … From formal English to slang
Thomas Aquinas (89) — 89Thomas Aquinas (6. Juni), ein Martyrer, welcher aus Irland gebürtig, in dem Carmelitenorden ein heiliges Leben führte, und im J. 1642 wegen des kathol. Glaubens (zu Pontypool?) durch den Strang getödtet wurde, steht bei den Boll. unter den… … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon